Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km2 (233,062 sq mi), making it the largest country within Europe.Ukraine borders Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

Territory of Ukraine is 603,628 km², making it the largest country on the European continent. The highest point in Ukraine is Mt. Hoverla in the Carpathians, with an elevation of 2061 m (about 6762 ft).

On August 24, 1991 the Ukrainian parliament adopted the Act of Independence in which the parliament declared Ukraine as an independent democratic state. Ukraine is a unitary state composed of 24 provinces, one autonomous republic (Crimea).

Ukraine has substantial economic potential. The key sector of the economy is industry. It accounts for the greatest part of the national income. Agriculture is important as well.

Co-operation with international financial organization, with International Monetary Fund (IMF), International and European banks of reconstruction and development (IBRD and EBRD) helps to introduce the programs of financial stabilization and attract privilege credit resources to the economy of the country.

Ukraine has a mostly temperate continental climate. Precipitation is disproportionately distributed; it is highest in the west and north and lowest in the east and southeast. Western Ukraine receives around 1,200 millimeters (47.2 in) of precipitation annually, while Crimea receives around 400 millimeters (15.7 in). Winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland. An average winter temperature is from -8˚C to -12˚C (from +17.6˚F to +3˚F). In Southern regions winter temperature is about 0˚C (+320F). An average summer temperature: from +18˚C to +25˚C (from +64.4˚F to +77˚F) but during daytime it can reach +35˚C (+95˚F).


Most of the Ukrainian population professes Orthodox Christianity, with the Ukrainian Orthodox Church believers enjoy 37% to 12% of the Kyiv Patriarchate, the Ukrainian Autocephalous Church of 4% of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church 12%, Roman Catholic Church - 3%. Protestants are 27% of the faithful. The share of other religions account for 4%.


Since 1990, the official language is Ukrainian. Widespread Russian.


The national currency is Hryvnia (UAH). Traveler's checks and credit cards can be used only in large cities. Accepted American Express, MasterCard and Visa.


Among the Slavic cuisines Ukrainian rightly has the status of the most diverse and rich. Due to historical circumstances and geographical location it was influenced by German, Hungarian, Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, Turkish, Tatar and other dishes.

Favorite and most used product in the Ukrainian cuisine is lard in all forms. His use of his extremely diverse. In the food fat is used raw, pickled, smoked, fried, boiled, braised and fat is the basis of most meals. Very diverse fish and meat.

One of the Ukrainian dishes included in the menu of international cuisine, a soup. For the preparation of the Ukrainian borsch is usually used up to 20 different kinds of products, and this is achieved by its particularly high taste and nutritional value.

Another calling card of Ukraine - a variety of dumplings stuffed with cottage cheese, potatoes, cabbage, and summer - from the berries that are used traditionally with cream and other dairy products.

Desserts and pastries are also very original - a variety of sweet cakes, puhkeniki, biscuits, apple solozheniki, Doughnut and cookies.

Nice soft drinks country - kvass, jelly, muselets, famous uzvar (stewed fruit), and honey, as well as Ukrainian brandy - slivyanka, cherry brandy, Ternovka, casserole. In Crimea and Carpathians produce many varieties of premium wines and champagne.